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Voice Over

Voice-over translation is an audiovisual translation[1] technique in which, unlike in dubbing, actor voices are recorded over the original audio track which can be heard in the background. This method of translation is most often used in documentaries and news reports to translate words of foreign-language interviewees. In some countries, most notably in Eastern Europe[citation needed], it is commonly used to translate all kinds of movies. A typical voice-over translation is usually done by a single male voice artist. It is slow paced, therefore shortened but fully intelligible, usually trailing the original dialogue by a few seconds. The original audio can thus be heard to some extent, allowing the viewer to grasp the actors' voices, yet due to the lack of synchronisation between original dialogue and a voice-over, original music is usually a victim of lowering the original track's volume. The voice-over usually contains only a hint of emotion, as many of the interpreters try to sound "transparent" to the audience. A significant drawback of such dubbing is the ambiguity as to which character is speaking at a given time, as the interpreter usually makes very few changes in intonation to distinguish between different participants in a dialogue.[citation needed] Any text appearing on the screen is also usually read out by the interpreter, although nowadays it's sometimes carried with subtitles covering any on-screen text.