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Nepalese language


Nepali (नेपाली) or Nepalese is an Indo-Aryan language. It is the official language and de facto lingua franca of Nepal and is also spoken inIndia and Bhutan. Nepali has official status in the Indian state of Sikkimand in West Bengal's Darjeeling district. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the Pahari languages and Magahi, and shows Sanskrit influences. However, owing to Nepal's geographical area, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman. Literature Nepali developed a significant literature within a short period of a hundred years in the 19th century. This literary explosion was fueled byAdhyatma Ramayana; Sundarananda Bara (1833); Birsikka, an anonymous collection of folk tales; and a version of the South Asian epic Ramayana by Bhanubhakta Acharya (d. 1868). The contribution of trio-laureates Lekhnath Poudyal, Laxmi Prasad Devkota, and Balkrishna Sama took Nepali to the level of other world languages. The contribution of expatriate writers outside Nepal, especially in Darjeeling and Varanasi in India, is also notable. History Around 500 years ago, Khas people from the Karnali-Bheri-Seti basin migrated eastward, bypassing inhospitable Kham highlands to settle in lower valleys of the Gandaki Basin that were well-suited torice cultivation. One notable extended family settled in the Gorkha Kingdom, a small principality about halfway between Pokhara and Kathmandu. In 1559 AD a Lamjunge prince, Dravya Shah established him in the throne of Gorkha with the help of local Khas and Magars. He raised an army of khas with the commandership of Bhagirath Panta. Word order The Nepali language is SOV type "subject-object-verb" like many other languages (Japanese, Burmese, Basque, Pashto and Persian). The verb, even in a simple sentence, is at the end of a sentence. The sentence always starts with the subject followed by the objects (direct or indirect object, time or place adverb, etc. ...). A sentence like "I'm learning Nepali language in Kathmandu" will be expressed this way "ma Nepali bhaasa kathmandu-maa sikchu I - Nepali - language - Kathmandu in - teach". This construction is more difficult to assimilate in sentences with two verbs or more.