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Dari language


Dari [dæˈɾi] is a Northwestern Irania ethnolect spoken as a first language by an estimated 8,000 to 15,000 Zoroastrians in and around the cities of Yazdand Kerman in central Iran. The ethnolect is often overlooked by linguists because the region is predominantly Muslim and because Dari is primarily spoken. Dari is also known pejoratively as Gabri (sometimes Gavrŭni or Gabrōni), orBehdināni. Dari has numerous dialects. It is incomprehensible to speakers of standard Persian. Cultural language Dari has contributed to the majority of Persian borrowings in other Asian languages, such as Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, etc., as it was the administrative, official, cultural language of the Persocentric Mughal Empire and served as the lingua franca throughout the South Asian subcontinent for centuries. The sizable Persian component of the Anglo-Indian loan words in English and in Urdu therefore reflects the Dari pronunciation. For instance, the words dopiaza and pyjama come from the Dari pronunciation; in the Iranian Persian they are pronounced do-piyāzeh and pey-jāmeh. Persian lexemes and certain morphological elements (e.g., the ezāfe) have often been employed to coin words for political and cultural concepts, items, or ideas that were historically unknown outside the South Asian region, as is the case with the aforementioned "borrowings". The Dari language has a rich and colorful tradition of proverbs that deeply reflect Afghan culture and relationships, as demonstrated by U.S. Navy Captain Edward Zellem in his bilingual books on Afghan Dari proverbs collected in Afghanistan Phonology Phonetically, Dari generally resembles a more formal and classical form of Persian (Farsi). The differences in pronunciation of Iranian and Afghan Persian can be considerable, on a par with Scottish and Cockney English although educated speakers generally have no difficulty understanding each other (except in the use of certain lexical items or idiomatic expressions). The principal differences between standard Iranian Persian, based on the dialect of the capital Tehran, and Afghan Dari, as based on the Kabul dialect, Organic motion The difficult technical challenge of analyzing human movement in its natural state, without any suits or markers, has been solved. Organic Motion’s advanced motion capture technology allows computers to accurately see, understand, and quantify human motion, with significant benefits for life sciences and related fields. The limiting factor to using motion capture with more patients has been the time it takes to get legacy marker-based systems ready to use. Organic Motion’s Bio Stage marker less motion capture system eliminates the need for cumbersome setup, delivering accurate data while saving time and money.