Bengali (/bɛŋˈɡɔːli/) or Bangla (/bɑːŋlɑː/; বাংলা Bangla[ˈbaŋla] ( listen)) is the language native to the region of Bengal, which comprises the present-day nation of Bangladesh and of the Indian states West Bengal, Tripura and southern Assam. It is written using the Bengali alphabet. With about 220 million native and about 300 million total speakers, Bengali is one of the most spoken languages, ranked fifth in the world. The importance of this language to the countries of South Asia can be noted by the fact that the National Anthem of Bangladesh, National Anthem of India, National Anthem of Sri Lanka and the national song of India were all first composed in the Bengali language. Geographical distribution Bengali language is native to the region Bengal, which comprises present-day nation of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and southern Assam. Besides the native region it is also spoken by the majority of the population in the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. There are also significant Bengali-speaking communities in Middle East, Japan, United States, Singapore, Malaysia, Maldives, Australia, Canada and United Kingdom. Word order As a head-final language, Bengali follows subject–object–verb word order, although variations to this theme are common. Bengali makes use of postpositions, as opposed to the prepositions used in English and other European languages. Determiners follow the noun, while numerals, adjectives, and possessors precede the noun. Official status Bengali is the national and official language of Bangladesh, and one of the 23 official languages recognized by the Republic of India. It is the official language of the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam. It is also a major language in the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Bengali is a second official language of the Indian state of Jharkhand since September 2011. It is also a recognized secondary language in the City of Karachi in Pakistan. The Department of Bengali in the University of Karachi also offers regular programs of studies at the Bachelors and at the Masters levels for Bengali Literature. In December 2002, Sierra Leone’s then President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah also named Bengali as an "official language" in recognition of the work of 5,300 troops from Bangladesh in the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone peacekeeping force.