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Arabic language

This article is about the general language or language group. For the literary standard, see Modern Standard Arabic. For the various vernaculars, see varieties of Arabic. For the small family also encompassing the North Arabian languages, see Arabic languages. The literary language, called Modern Standard Arabic or Literary Arabic, is the only official form of Arabic. It is used in most written documents as well as in formal spoken occasions, such as lectures and news broadcasts. Moroccan Arabic was official in Morocco for some time, before the country joined the Arab League. Origin The study of how life on Earth arose from inanimate matter. A symbolic account of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it. Any theory concerning the origin of the universe. creation as described in the first two chapters of the Book of Genesis in. Literary Arabic Although Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is a unitary language, its pronunciation varies somewhat from country to country and from region to region within a country. The variation in individual "accents" of MSA speakers tends to mirror corresponding variations in the colloquial speech of the speakers in question, but with the distinguishing characteristics moderated somewhat. Note that it is important in descriptions of "Arabic" phonology to distinguish between pronunciation of a given colloquial (spoken) dialect and the pronunciation of MSA by these same speakers. Although they are related, they are not the same. For example, the phoneme that derives from Proto-Semitic /g/ has many different pronunciations in the modern spoken varieties, e.g., [d͡ʒ ~ ʒ ~ j ~ ɡʲ ~ ɡ]. Speakers whose native variety has either [d͡ʒ] or [ʒ]will use the same pronunciation when speaking MSA, even speakers from Cairo, whose native Egyptian Arabic has [ɡ], normally use [ɡ] when speaking MSA. [j] of Persian Gulf is the only pronunciation which isn't pronounced in MSA, but instead [d͡ʒ~ʒ]. EXTERNAL LINKS • Languages which are difficult for native English speakers. • Dr. Nizar Habash's, Columbia University, Introduction to Arabic Natural Language Processing • Google Ta3reeb – Google Transliteration • Transliteration Arabic language pronunciation applet • USA Foreign Service Institute Arabic basic course • How to speak Arabic • Morris Jastrow (1905). "Arabic Language and Literature". New International Encyclopedia.